Due to almost a century of misinformation about Cannabis, the distinction between Cannabis and its two primary species — hemp and. What's the difference between hemp and marijuana? Are hemp and marijuana the same? Deconstructing the biggest controversy of hemp. In Short: hemp is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant that is grown primarily for use in industrial applications. CBD is another active ingredient present in Cannabis sativa plants, and it largely acts to neutralize the psychoactive effects of THC. Since hemp strains have very.
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He graduated from the University of Arizona in with a Masters in Teaching and in with a Bachelors in Biology. Growers Network Staff December 26, 5 min read. What is the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana? Do you want to be part of our private, professional community? So why do people treat them differently? Hemp is making a major resurgence as an agricultural product, because the entire plant can be used to make a variety of different products: The seeds are edible and high in caloric content.
The stalks and stems are very high in fiber content, and can be used to make textiles, cordage, and even construction materials. The flowers and plant material can be chemically extracted for a variety of different chemical compounds that play a role in medicine, including CBD.
Marijuana is the dried flower of the female cannabis plant, and it can come from either the cannabis indica or cannabis sativa species. Hemp is only a member of the cannabis sativa family. Although marijuana and hemp can both come from the cannabis sativa family, they're distinctly different. Marijuana is bushier with broader leaves, while hemp is leaner with shinier leaves.
It's differences in their chemical composition that really set them apart, though. More than chemical cannabinoids are found in cannabis, but the amount of these cannabinoids differs dramatically between hemp and marijuana.
Marijuana's most common cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol THC -- the chemical cannabinoid associated with the plant's psychoactive effect. The low levels of THC in hemp mean that, unlike marijuana, it has historically been used for industrial purposes.
Hemp's rapid growth and strong fibers made it ideal for crafting durable rope, clothing, sail, and paper. Although hemp won't get you high, it does contain significant amounts of another cannabinoid, cannabidiol CBD , which is also found in marijuana. CBD is a nonpsychoactive cannabinoid, and its interaction with receptors in the central nervous system and immune system can offer medicinal benefits, making hemp-CBD concentrates popular ingredients.
Medical and recreational marijuana use is legal nationwide in Canada, so it's home to the largest publicly traded cannabis companies. In the past, those companies were unable to do business in the U. In order to maintain their listing, they can't conduct business in countries where the sale of marijuana is prohibited at the federal level. In , the Controlled Substances Act classified all cannabis, including hemp, as a schedule 1 drug. As a result, hemp cultivation was tightly controlled and limited for industrial and research purposes.
This confusion exists because marijuana was created by selectively breeding Indian hemp for Tetrahyrdocannabinol THC. THC is the major differentiating factor between hemp and marijuana.
The major similarity when growing hemp and marijuana is when growing for the cannabinoids. As for marijuana, unless growing for a particular ratio of THC: Because these production schemes both desire high concentrations of cannabinoids found in the floral material; the current growing conditions are similar.
Just like a marijuana grower, a hemp farmer growing for high concentrations of CBD would want to remove the male plants from the field or facility before pollination.
This allows for less seed and higher concentrations of phytocannabinoids in each plant. Under this growing condition, hemp grown for phytocannabinoids like CBD commonly resembles marijuana production patterns.
They’re In The News, So What’s The Difference Between Cannabis, Marijuana, Hemp, CBD And THC?
Although hemp (Cannabis Sativa) and marijuana (Cannabis Indica) are two varieties of the cannabis plant, they've developed a hell of a rivalry. Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, Cannabis Oil are all common phrases used. There are some major differences to each that you need to understand before. Not quite sure what the difference is between marijuana and hemp? You're not alone. The two are alike in many ways, and lots of people get confused.