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Beginner’s Guide to Vaping CBD Oil

Final Cream For Strawberry California Conclusion Valley, Pain Cbd – Relief



  • Final Cream For Strawberry California Conclusion Valley, Pain Cbd – Relief
  • 5 Best CBD Oils for Fibromyalgia [2019 Update]
  • MEDICINAL CANNABIS: Current therapeutic usage
  • There will also be a dessert menu, including CBD infused ice cream The oil is being used by people suffering from chronic pain issues, insomnia, anxiety, am - pm Buffalo & Erie County Public Library - Central Library . One parent or guardian can watch the final showcase, and it's $6 to attend for. Sharing a joint, while talking about that awesome face cream with CBD, could . Alongside the home cultivation bills pre-filed last Friday, Blake also prefiled H.B. . The study aims to determine if cannabis oil with high THC can ease the .. of marijuana production in California former flower farms in Monterrey County, . ORGANIC COCONUT OIL re Perfect for S$k1in.0&0Hair Ca you saved Reg $ 9 oz. lies Last! While SuppJuly k3s Sorr y No Rainchec Lehigh Valley, I've progressed toward my goal or living in the forest of Carbon County, I had CBD oil: Dr. Hyla Cass, of Marina del Rey, California, an integrative physician.

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    The substitution of fat with inulin increased the ice cream mix viscosity, improved air incorporation, and produced ice cream with soft and homogeneous textures. Color characteristics were not affected by the replacement. Hedonic sensory analysis showed that optimized fat-reduced inulin ice cream was not perceived different to commercial vanilla ice cream. Optimization of the new formulation of ice cream with native Iranian seed gums Lepidium perfoliatum and Lepidium sativum using response surface methodology RSM.

    In this study, effect of Qodume shahri Lepidium perfoliatum and cress Lepidium sativum on rheological properties of ice cream were investigated. The gums were added to the ice cream formulation and different quality attributes including pH, acidity, melting characteristics, viscosity, overrun, texture analysis and sensory evaluation were determined.

    Results showed that ice cream formulations containing both the gums had improved overrun, melting rate, first dripping time, viscosity, hardness and adhesiveness.

    The gum concentrations beyond 0. Both the gums addition to improved quality attributes and textural properties of ice cream. Ice Cream Stick Math. Described is a teaching technique which uses the collection of ice cream sticks as a means of increasing awareness of quantity in a self-contained elementary special class for students with learning disabilities and mild mental retardation.

    The physics of ice cream. Almost everybody likes ice cream , so it can provide an excellent vehicle for discussing and demonstrating a variety of physical phenomena, such as Newton's law of cooling, Boyle's law and the relationship between microstructure and macroscopic properties e. Furthermore, a demonstration of freezing point depression can be used to make ice cream in the classroom!

    Let's Make Metric Ice Cream. Describes a classroom activity which involved sixth grade students in a learning situation including making ice cream , safety procedures in a science laboratory, calibrating a thermometer, using metric units of volume and mass.

    Ice recrystallization inhibition in ice cream as affected by ice structuring proteins from winter wheat grass. Ice recrystallization in quiescently frozen sucrose solutions that contained some of the ingredients commonly found in ice cream and in ice cream manufactured under commercial conditions, with or without ice structuring proteins ISP from cold-acclimated winter wheat grass extract AWWE , was assessed by bright field microscopy.

    In sucrose solutions, critical differences in moisture content, viscosity, ionic strength, and other properties derived from the presence of other ingredients skim milk powder, corn syrup solids, locust bean gum caused a reduction in ice crystal growth. The ISP activity in ice cream was not hindered by its inclusion in mix prior to pasteurization. A synergistic effect between ISP and stabilizer was observed, as ISP activity was reduced in the absence of stabilizer in ice cream formulations.

    A remarkably smoother texture for ice creams containing ISP after heat-shock storage was evident by sensory evaluation. Ice cream , a popular product worldwide, is usually a milk-based product with other types of ingredients fruit, eggs, cocoa, dried fruit, additives, and others. Different materials are used to obtain the desired taste, texture, consistency, and appearance of the final product.

    This study surveyed ice cream products available in Italy for heavy metals lead, cadmium, chromium, tin, and arsenic. The differences between artisanal and industrial ice cream were also investigated because of the importance in the Italian diet and the diffusion of this ready-to-eat food. Ice cream sampling was performed between October and February in the northeast of Italy. A total of samples were randomly collected from different sources: Ten wooden sticks of industrial ice cream were analyzed in parallel to the ice cream.

    All samples were negative for arsenic and mercury. All positive lead samples were higher than the legal limit stated for milk 0. The heavy metals found in the wooden sticks were different from the corresponding ice cream , pointing out the lack of cross-contamination between the products. Considering the results and the amount of ice cream consumed during the year, contamination through ice cream is a low risk for the Italian population, even though there is need for further analysis.

    Ice cream structure modification by ice -binding proteins. Ice -binding proteins IBPs , also known as antifreeze proteins, were added to ice cream to investigate their effect on structure and texture.

    Ice recrystallization inhibition was assessed in the ice cream mixes using a novel accelerated microscope assay and the ice cream microstructure was studied using an ice crystal dispersion method. Larger individual ice crystals and no entrapment in control ice creams was observed.

    Based on these results a model of ice crystals aggregates formation in the presence of IBPs was proposed. The effect of ice-cream -scoop water on the hygiene of ice cream. An aerobic plate count around 10 6 c. Unopened ice creams generally had counts around 10 3 4 c. Statistical analysis showed strong associations between indicator organisms and increased counts in ice cream in use.

    We Scream for Nano Ice Cream. There is a wide range of new products emerging from nanotechnology, and "nano ice cream " is an easy one that you can use to teach topics from surface area to volume applications. In this activity, students learn how ice cream can be made smoother and creamier tasting through nanoscience. By using liquid nitrogen to cool the cream mixture, students…. The purpose of this work was to investigate iciness perception and other sensory textural attributes of ice cream due to ice and fat structures and mix viscosity.

    Two studies were carried out varying processing conditions and mix formulation. In the 1st study, ice creams were collected at -3, -5, and Multiple linear regressions were used to determine relationships between ice crystal size, destabilized fat, and sensory iciness. In the ice and fat structure study, an inverse correlation was found between fat destabilization and sensory iciness. Ice creams with no difference in ice crystal size were perceived to be less icy with increasing amounts of destabilized fat.

    Destabilized fat correlated inversely with drip-through rate and sensory greasiness. In the ice cream mix viscosity study, an inverse correlation was found between mix viscosity and sensory iciness. Ice creams with no difference in ice crystal size were perceived to be less icy when formulated with higher mix viscosity. A positive correlation was found between mix viscosity and sensory greasiness.

    These results indicate that fat structures and mix viscosity have significant effects on ice cream microstructure and sensory texture including the reduction of iciness perception. Ice recrystallization inhibition in ice cream by propylene glycol monostearate. The effectiveness of propylene glycol monostearate PGMS to inhibit ice recrystallization was evaluated in ice cream and frozen sucrose solutions.

    PGMS showed limited emulsifier properties by promoting smaller fat globule size distributions and enhanced partial coalescence in the mix and ice cream , respectively, but at a much lower level compared to conventional ice cream emulsifier.

    Low temperature scanning electron microscopy revealed highly irregular crystal morphology in both ice cream and sucrose solutions frozen in a scraped-surface freezer. There was strong evidence to suggest that PGMS directly interacts with ice crystals and interferes with normal surface propagation.

    Shear during freezing may be required for its distribution around the ice and sufficient surface coverage. Rheological properties of ice cream mixes and frozen ice creams containing fat and fat replacers.

    In ice cream mixes, G' and G" exhibited a strong frequency dependence. Elastic properties of the ice cream mixes decreased as fat content decreased. Tan delta values indicated that fat replacers did not enhance the elastic properties of the ice cream mixes. In all frozen ice creams , G' and G" again showed a frequency dependence throughout the range tested 0. The amount of fat in ice creams and the degree of fat destabilization affected the elasticity in the frozen product.

    Even though the ice creams did not have significant elastic properties, when compared as a group the samples with higher fat content had higher elastic properties. The addition of protein-based and carbohydrate-based fat replacers did not enhance the elastic properties of the ice creams but did increase the viscous properties. Ergonomics investigation of retail ice cream operations. A comprehensive ergonomics evaluation of retail ice cream shops, including field and laboratory data collection, was conducted using a human: The goal of the evaluation was to provide recommendations to enhance the health, safety, and productivity of shop employees.

    Active and passive surveillance and facility walk-throughs were used to guide the selection of analyses. A primary focus of the investigation was quantifying the task demands of scooping ice cream , which have not been documented in the literature. This goal was accomplished through the use of a custom-designed instrumented ice cream scoop. Data were collected at an ice cream shop under typical conditions, while the laboratory experiment investigated task demands of ice cream scooping over a range of realistic temperatures.

    Manual materials handling task analyses and anthropometric evaluations comprised the majority of other analyses performed. Recommendations are presented that are applicable to the operation of retail ice cream shops that serve hard i.

    Pictured above, Goddard's astrobiology lab makes cookies and cream ice cream using liquid nitrogen at the Science Jamboree. The event allowed the different departments at Goddard a chance to showcase their research and projects to other employees and summer interns.

    Ice cream structural elements that affect melting rate and hardness. Statistical models were developed to reveal which structural elements of ice cream affect melting rate and hardness. Ice creams were frozen in a batch freezer with three types of sweetener, three levels of the emulsifier polysorbate 80, and two different draw temperatures to produce ice creams with a range of microstructures.

    Ice cream mixes were analyzed for viscosity, and finished ice creams were analyzed for air cell and ice crystal size, overrun, and fat destabilization. The ice phase volume of each ice cream were calculated based on the freezing point of the mix. Melting rate and hardness of each hardened ice cream was measured and correlated with the structural attributes by using analysis of variance and multiple linear regression.

    Fat destabilization, ice crystal size, and the consistency coefficient of the mix were found to affect the melting rate of ice cream , whereas hardness was influenced by ice phase volume, ice crystal size, overrun, fat destabilization, and the rheological properties of the mix. Goat's milk ice cream. The impact of wood ice cream sticks' origin on the aroma of exposed ice cream mixes. The effect of volatile compounds in white birch sticks obtained from four different geographical locations on the aroma of ice cream mix was investigated.

    Sensory evaluation, specifically, a series of warmed-up paired comparisons was conducted on stick-exposed ice cream mixes to determine whether aroma differences in those mixes could be detected. Batches of ice cream mix were exposed to the sticks and aged for 6 d at 4 degrees C and then assessed by the panelists by pairwise comparison.

    Findings suggest that differences in aroma of mixes that have been exposed to white birch sticks from four different geographical origins can be distinguished perceptually. Goat's milk ice cream is the food prepared in the same manner Effect of fat level on the perception of five flavor chemicals in ice cream with or without fat mimetics by using a descriptive test.

    Fat mimetics are commonly used in the manufacture of low-fat and fat-free ice creams. However, the use of fat mimetics affects flavor and texture characteristics of ice cream , which results in decreased overall acceptability by consumers. Fat mimetics and flavor formulation significantly influenced the perception of Furaneoltrade mark cooked sugar flavor , alpha-ionone violet flavor , and gamma-undecalactone peach flavor , but there was no interaction between ice cream type and flavor formulation for the 3 flavors.

    Furaneol and ethylmethylphenylglycidate candy flavor were perceived more strongly in full-fat ice cream , while cishexenol grassy flavor , alpha-ionone, and gamma-undecalactone were perceived more strongly in low-fat ice cream. Simplesse was found to be a better fat mimetic for duplicating the flavor profiles and mouthfeel of full-fat ice cream.

    Biofilm formation in an ice cream plant. The sites of biofilm formation in an ice cream plant were investigated by sampling both the production line and the environment. Experiments were carried out twice within a day period. First, stainless steel coupons were fixed to surfaces adjacent to food contact surfaces, the floor drains and the doormat.

    They were taken for the analysis of biofilm at three different production stages. Then, biofilm forming bacteria were enumerated and also presence of Listeria monocytogenes was monitored. Biofilm forming isolates were selected on the basis of colony morphology and Gram's reaction; Gram negative cocci and rod, Gram positive cocci and spore forming isolates were identified. Most of the biofilm formations were seen on the conveyor belt of a packaging machine 8 h after the beginning of the production, 6.

    Most of the Gram negative bacteria identified belong to Enterobacteriaceae family such as Proteus, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Shigella, Escherichia, Edwardsiella. Gram positive microflora of the ice cream plant included Staphyloccus, Bacillus, Listeria and lactic acid bacteria such as Streptococcus, Leuconostoc or Pediococcus spp. The results from this study highlighted the problems of spread of pathogens like Listeria and Shigella and spoilage bacteria.

    In the development of cleaning and disinfection procedures in ice cream plants, an awareness of these biofilm-forming bacteria is essential for the ice cream plants. An experiment involving preparation of ice cream is conducted after students complete units on solutions, atomic structure, molecular architecture, and bonding. The laboratory gives practical illustration of relation of physical properties to bond type and solution theory developed.

    Materials needed, procedures used, and questions asked are…. Production of functional probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic ice creams.

    In this work, 3 types of ice cream were produced: In addition to microbial counts, pH, acidity, and physical and functional properties of the ice creams were evaluated. The experimental ice creams preserved the probiotic bacteria and had counts of viable lactic acid bacteria after frozen storage that met the minimum required to achieve probiotic effects. Moreover, most of the ice creams showed good nutritional and sensory properties, with the best results obtained with Lb. Published by Elsevier Inc.

    Explaining tolerance for bitterness in chocolate ice cream using solid chocolate preferences. Chocolate ice cream is commonly formulated with higher sugar levels than nonchocolate flavors to compensate for the inherent bitterness of cocoa. Bitterness, however, is an integral part of the complex flavor of chocolate. In light of the global obesity epidemic, many consumers and health professionals are concerned about the levels of added sugars in foods.

    Once a strategy for balancing undesirable bitterness and health concerns regarding added sugars has been developed, the task becomes determining whether that product will be acceptable to the consumer.

    Thus, the purpose of this research was to manipulate the bitterness of chocolate ice cream to examine how this influences consumer preferences.

    The main goal of this study was to estimate group rejection thresholds for bitterness in chocolate ice cream , and to see if solid chocolate preferences dark vs. A food-safe bitter ingredient, sucrose octaacetate, was added to chocolate ice cream to alter bitterness without disturbing other the sensory qualities of the ice cream samples, including texture.

    Untrained chocolate ice cream consumers participated in a large-scale sensory test by indicating their preferences for blinded pairs of unspiked and spiked samples, where the spiked sample had increasing levels of the added bitterant. As anticipated, the group containing individuals who prefer milk chocolate had a much lower tolerance for bitterness in their chocolate ice cream compared with the group of individuals who prefer dark chocolate; indeed, the dark chocolate group tolerated almost twice as much added bitterant in the ice cream before indicating a significant preference for the unspiked control ice cream.

    This work demonstrates the successful application of the rejection threshold method to a complex dairy food. Estimating rejection thresholds could prove to be an effective tool for determining acceptable formulations or quality limits when considering attributes that become.

    Development of technology for manufacture of ragi ice cream. Ragi Finger millet improves the nutritional value of ice cream by enhancing the iron and fibre content. In the next part of the study, ragi ice cream was prepared using 4 different flavours viz.

    Chocolate flavoured ragi ice cream was adjudged as best, followed by mango, caramel and vanilla ice cream. The iron and fibre content of chocolate flavoured ragi ice cream was found to be Incorporation of finger millet in ice cream resulted in reduction in the amount of stabilizer used and effectively functioned as fat replacer in ice cream. Physical properties of ice cream containing milk protein concentrates. Protein levels remained constant, and total solids were compensated for in MPC mixes by the addition of polydextrose.

    Physical properties investigated included apparent viscosity, fat globule size, melting rate, shape retention, and freezing behavior using differential scanning calorimetry.

    Milk protein concentrate formulations had higher mix viscosity, larger amount of fat destabilization, narrower ice melting curves, and greater shape retention compared with the control. Milk protein concentrates may offer ice cream manufacturers an alternative source of milk solids non-fat, especially in mixes reduced in lactose or fat, where higher milk solids nonfat are needed to compensate other losses of total solids.

    Delicious ice cream , why does salt thaw ice? Plain Awful is an imaginary valley on the Andes populated by a highly-imitative, cubical people for which the most criminal offence is to exhibit round objects.

    The duck family Scrooge, Donald and nephews are teaming against Scrooge's worst enemy, Flintheart Glomgold, trying to buy the famous Plain Awful square eggs. Inadvertently, Scrooge violates the taboo, showing his Number One Dime, and is imprisoned in the stone quarries. He can be released only after the presentation of an ice cream soda to the President of Plain Awful. Donald and his nephews fly with Flintheart to deliver it, but Scrooge's enemy, of course, betrays the previous agreement after getting the ice cream , forcing the ducks into making an emergence replacement on the spot.

    Using dried milk, sugar and chocolate from their ration packs, plus some snow and salt for cooling they are able make the ice cream , and after dressing it with the carbonated water from a fire extinguisher they finally manage to produce the desired dessert. This comic may serve as an introduction to the "mysterious" phenomenon that added salt melts the ice and, even more surprising, does it by lowering the temperature of the mixture. Connecting the dots between bacterial biofilms and ice cream.

    Emerging research is revealing a diverse array of interfacially-active proteins that are involved in varied biological process from foaming horse sweat to bacterial raincoat formation. We describe an interdisciplinary approach to study the molecular and biophysical mechanisms controlling the activity of an unusual bacterial protein called BslA.

    This protein is needed for biofilm formation and forms a protective layer or raincoat over the bacterial community, but also has a multitude of potential applications in multiphase formulations. Here we document our journey from fundamental research to an examination of the applications for this surface-active protein in ice cream. The optional caseinates referred For example, if a combination ice cream contains less than 5 percent of bananas and less than Increasing the protein content of ice cream.

    Vanilla ice cream was made with a mix composition of None of the batches made contained stabilizer or emulsifier. The control treatment 1 contained 3. Mix protein content for treatment 1 was 3. This represented a Milk protein level influenced ice crystal size; with increased protein, the ice crystal size was favorably reduced in treatments 2, 4, and 5 and was similar in treatments 3, 6, and 7 compared with treatment 1.

    At 1 wk postmanufacture, overall texture acceptance for all treatments was more desirable compared with treatment 1. When evaluating all parameters, treatment 2 with added whey protein concentrate and treatments 5 and 6 with added milk protein concentrate were similar or improved compared with treatment 1.

    It is possible to produce acceptable ice cream with higher levels of protein. Effect of fat content on the physical properties and consumer acceptability of vanilla ice cream. Ice cream is a complex food matrix that contains multiple physical phases. Removal of 1 ingredient may affect not only its physical properties but also multiple sensory characteristics that may or may not be important to consumers. Fat not only contributes to texture, mouth feel, and flavor, but also serves as a structural element.

    We evaluated the effect of replacing fat with maltodextrin MD on select physical properties of ice cream and on consumer acceptability. Physical characterization included measurements of overrun, apparent viscosity, fat particle size, fat destabilization, hardness, and melting rate.

    A series of sensory tests were conducted to measure liking and the intensity of various attributes. Then, discrimination tests were performed to determine which differences in fat content were detectable by consumers. Mix viscosity decreased with increasing fat content and decreasing maltodextrin content. Fat particle size and fat destabilization significantly increased with increasing fat content. However, acceptability did not differ significantly across the samples for fresh or stored ice cream.

    Removing fat and replacing. Ice cream and orbifold Riemann-Roch. We give an orbifold Riemann-Roch formula in closed form for the Hilbert series of a quasismooth polarized n-fold X,D , under the assumption that X is projectively Gorenstein with only isolated orbifold points.

    Our formula is a sum of parts each of which is integral and Gorenstein symmetric of the same canonical weight; the orbifold parts are called ice cream functions. These results apply also with higher dimensional orbifold strata see [1] and [2] , although the precise statements are considerably trickier. We expect to return to this in future publications. Ice cream is a multiphase frozen food containing ice crystals, air cells, fat globules, and partially coalesced fat globule clusters dispersed in an unfrozen serum phase sugars, proteins, and stabilizers.

    This microstructure is responsible for ice cream 's melting characteristics. By varying both formulation emulsifier content and overrun and processing conditions dasher speed , the effects of different microstructural elements, particularly air cells and fat globule clusters, on ice cream melt-down properties were studied. Factors that caused an increase in shear stress within the freezer, namely increasing dasher speed and overrun, caused a decrease in air cell size and an increase in extent of fat destabilization.

    Increasing emulsifier content, especially of polysorbate 80, caused an increase in extent of fat destabilization.

    Both overrun and fat destabilization influenced drip-through rates. Ice creams with a combination of low overrun and low fat destabilization had the highest drip-through rates. Further, the amount of remnant foam left on the screen increased with reduced drip-through rates.

    These results provide a better understanding of the effects of microstructure components and their interactions on drip-through rate. Manipulating operating and formulation parameters in ice cream manufacture influences the microstructure air cells, ice crystals, and fat globule clusters.

    This work provides guidance on which parameters have most effect on air cell size and fat globule cluster formation. Further, the structural characteristics that reduce melt-down rate were determined.

    Ice cream manufacturers will use these results to tailor their products for the desired quality attributes. Evaluating sago as a functional ingredient in dietetic mango ice cream. A low fat mango ice cream 2. To impart richness to low fat mango ice cream , flavour enhancers like Cream Plus and Butter Buds were used at levels of 0. The dietetic low fat ice creams compared well in sensory colour and appearance, flavour, body and texture, and melting quality to that of control ice cream.

    The energy values for control and dietetic mango ice cream was The cost of ice cream per liter was Rs An ice-cream cone model for coronal mass ejections. In this study, we use an ice-cream cone model to analyze the geometrical and kinematical properties of the coronal mass ejections CMEs. This model is improved by 1 using an ice-cream cone to show the near real configuration of a CME, 2 determining the radial speed via fitting the projected speeds calculated from the height-time relation in different azimuthal angles, 3 not only applying to halo CMEs but also applying to nonhalo CMEs.

    Testing the reliability of ice-cream cone model. Coronal Mass Ejections CME 's properties are important to not only the physical scene itself but space-weather prediction. Several models such as cone model, GCS model, and so on have been raised to get rid of the projection effects within the properties observed by spacecraft. Considering that the method to obtain 3D parameters from the CME observations by multi-satellite and multi-angle has higher accuracy, we use the GCS model to obtain the real propagation parameters of these CMEs in 3D space and compare the results with which by ice-cream cone model.

    Then we could discuss the reliability of the ice-cream cone model. The addition of inulin and Lactobacillus casei 01 in sheep milk ice cream.

    Microbiological counts probiotic count, survival after in vitro gastrointestinal resistance, Caco-2 cell adhesion , bioactivity and microstructure were analysed. All formulations supported L.

    Inulin did not affect L. Also, scanning electron microscopy showed an interaction between probiotic bacteria and inulin fibre on synbiotic ice cream and the adhesion of L. In calculating the reduction of milk fat and total milk solids Application of simplex-centroid mixture design to optimize stabilizer combinations for ice cream manufacture.

    This study aimed to obtain the optimum formulation for stabilizers in ice cream that could contest with blends presented nowadays. Thus, different mixtures of three stabilizers, i. The influence of these mixtures on some properties of ice cream and the regression models for them were also determined.

    Generally, high ratios of basil seed gum in mixture developed the apparent viscosity of ice cream mixes and decreased the melting rate. Increasing proportion of this stabilizer as well as guar gum in the mixtures at concentration of 0. Based on the optimization criteria, the most excellent combination was This research proved the capability of basil seed gum as a novel stabilizer in ice cream stabilization.

    From a year perspective, Don Gallo examines the field of young adult literature, comparing it to ice cream --its various flavors and levels of richness.

    The article proclaims the profundity of the field and the quality of its writers, summarizes historical highlights, defends it against its detractors, and explains the importance of helping….

    The finished product shall contain not more than 50, bacteria per gram as determined by the standard plate count, and shall contain not more than 10 coliform organisms per gram for plain and not more than 20 coliform per gram in chocolate, fruit, nut or other flavors in three out of The ice cream laboratory experiment is designed to illustrate and promote discussion of several engineering and science topics including material and energy balances, heat transfer, freezing, mass transfer, mixing, viscosity, and freezing point depression in a sophomore level engineering class.

    A pre-lab assignment requires the students to develop…. Effect of galactooligosaccharide addition on the physical, optical, and sensory acceptance of vanilla ice cream. The effect of the addition of galactooligosaccharide GOS on the physicochemical, optical, and sensory characteristics of ice cream was investigated. Vanilla ice cream was supplemented with 0, 1. For comparison purposes, ice creams containing fructooligosaccharide were also manufactured.

    The GOS ice creams were characterized by increased firmness and lower melting rates. Different perceptions were reported in the sensory evaluation for the 3. Overall, the findings suggest it is possible to produce GOS ice cream with improved stability in relation to the physicochemical parameters and sensory perception.

    Processing effects on physicochemical properties of creams formulated with modified milk fat. Homogenization sequence influenced physicochemical makeup of the creams. Creams homogenized before pasteurization contained more milk fat surface material, higher phospholipid levels, and less protein at the milk fat interface than creams homogenized after pasteurization. Phosphodiesterase I activity was higher relative to protein on lipid globule surface when cream was homogenized before pasteurization.

    Creams formulated with skim milk and modified milk fat had relatively more phospholipid adsorbed at the milk fat interface. Ultra-high-temperature-pasteurized natural and reformulated creams were higher in viscosity at all shear rates investigated compared with HTST-pasteurized creams. High-temperature, short time-pasteurized natural cream was more viscous than HTST-pasteurized reformulated creams at most shear rates investigated.

    High-temperature, short time-pasteurized creams had better emulsion stability than UHT-pasteurized creams. Cream formulated with buttermilk had creaming stability most comparable to natural cream , and cream formulated with skim milk and modified butteroil was least stable to creaming.

    Most creams feathered in a pH range of 5. All processing sequences yielded creams within sensory specifications with the exception of treatments homogenized before UHT pasteurization and skim milk formulations homogenized after UHT pasteurization.

    Experimental provocation of ' ice-cream headache' by ice cubes and ice water. Background There are various studies on experimentally provoked ' ice-cream headache' or 'headache attributed to ingestion or inhalation of a cold stimulus' HICS using different provocation protocols. The aim of this study was to compare two provocation protocols. Methods Ice cubes pressed to the palate and fast ingestion of ice water were used to provoke HICS and clinical features were compared.

    There was no difference in pain localisation. Character after ice -cube stimulation was predominantly described as pressing and after ice -water stimulation as stabbing. Lacrimation occurred significantly more often in volunteers with than in those without HICS. Discussion HICS provoked by ice water was more frequent, had a shorter latency, different pain character and higher pain intensity than HICS provoked by ice cubes.

    Lacrimation during HICS indicates involvement of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex. Nutritional composition, glycemic index, glycemic load, and organoleptical quality of glucomannan-enriched soy milk ice cream. Over the past decades, the number of childhood obesity cases has increased significantly, which led to an increase in the number of adults suffering from degenerative diseases such as diabetes mellitus DM.

    The aim of the study was to test the level of carbohydrates, protein, fat, dietary fiber, glycemic index, glycemic load, and organoleptic quality of GSMIC.

    This experiment used a completely randomized design to test three formulations of glucomannan flour and soy milk 0. The products were tested for nutritional composition, and evaluated on glycemic index, glycemic load, and organoleptic quality. The glycemic index of ice cream and 2. Based on the organoleptic analysis, formulation preferred by the panellists was 2. Glucomannan flour affected the level of carbohydrates, protein, fat, dietary fiber, glycemic index, glycemic load, and organoleptic quality in soy milk ice cream.

    Inhibition of ice crystal growth in ice cream mix by gelatin hydrolysate. The inhibition of ice crystal growth in ice cream mix by gelatin hydrolysate produced by papain action was studied. The ice crystal growth was monitored by thermal cycling between and degrees C at a rate of one cycle per 3 min. It is shown that the hydrolysate fraction containing peptides in the molecular weight range of about Da exhibited the highest inhibitory activity on ice crystal growth in ice cream mix, whereas fractions containing peptides greater than Da did not inhibit ice crystal growth.

    The cannabinoid does have real potential that requires careful study and mindful application rather than a freewheeling, paint-the-town-with-vaguely-hem-related-shit attitude. The market will always love bright and shiny things. And CBD is that. Eventually, the hysteria will die down and the wave will recede, leaving — what? People who could benefit from high-quality, tested and accurately dosed CBD products. Putin the Heat On Rap Music. The ongoing Russian election meddling drama has entered its latest chapter.

    Putin cares about rap music? Yes, you read the headline correctly. For some reason, despite the long list of troubles facing the world as we know it, Russian President Vladimir Putin has set his sights on Public Enemy Number 1 — drug references in rap songs. Because rap music encourages drug use, of course! Russian music producer Igor Matvienko fired the first shots against rap music when he was quoted as saying: So, what does a morally conscious Russian president do in the face of the rising tide of social decay?

    Naturally, he issues a ban! Instead he simply and directly mentioned tightly regulating the music played on Russian radios. There were no major setbacks, there were no disasters — there was nothing to stop or even slow the momentum that marijuana legalization and the attendant legal cannabis industry has enjoyed for most of the past decade.

    And it and he did. On the very first day of , retail recreational cannabis stores opened in California. Red states legalized medical marijuana.

    Everything continued as before, and almost nothing was too horribly bad. Depends on your perspective. Medical marijuana patients in the United Kingdom have legal access, but without any way to get any. There are improvements to be made and much more to be done, but in recounting the biggest news from , there is no disaster to lament. And that is the biggest news of all. Here, then, in no particular order, are our most important stories of the year: Red States Love Medical Marijuana Voters in North Dakota said no thanks to one of the more ambitious recreational legalization efforts to be seen in the United States, but medical marijuana continued its winning streak at the ballot box — and in the Utah state Legislature.

    Better yet, the bills approved in Oklahoma in June and in Missouri in November are workable and viable. Medical cannabis is a political winner that transcends whatever aisles, divides, and walls that exist elsewhere in our great and groovy society. Results from the latest stage of the experiment, which began Oct. Share prices in Canadian marijuana company stocks skyrocketed, and these same firms continue to export medical cannabis all over the world. The biggest concern for some Canadians is how to negotiate the border with the United States.

    So ripe is the melon that, in October, John Boehner, the Republican former Speaker of the House of Representatives who joined the board of an Ohio-based marijuana company, jumped into the business of selling marijuana-related stock tips. But a series of increasingly shrill bellicose statements was followed up with absolutely no action.

    Sessions was let go after the midterm elections for his refusal to trigger a constitutional crisis and fire Special Counsel Robert S.

    Which brings us to the biggest development of , which was — nothing. Nothing bad, as we said the outset. Marijuana legalization has yet to fulfill its worst or even its less rosy prophecies. We knew this would be the case, but now it is undeniable.

    State-funded universities follow state law — except when it comes to cannabis. This means real consequences for students. It need not be so. Elsewhere, medical marijuana won in nearby Missouri and in Mormon-controlled, deep-red Utah. As the experience of every other state to embark on the marijuana legalization path shows, it will be quite a while before cannabis is available in Michigan stores to those of us without a medical-marijuana recommendation, at least; Detroit is replete with medical cannabis dispensaries and looks likely to remain so.

    But if the administrators at state-funded Michigan State University have anything to do with it, nothing will change at all — not now, and not in the future. Marijuana legalization does not apply on campus.

    Defying Davies carries severe consequences: He warned of outright dismissal from school should they defy his will by exercising newfound rights under state law. How can they do this? The short answer is because they can — and everyone else is doing it.

    As Inside Higher Ed reported, college campuses in Colorado, California, Oregon, Maine, Massachusetts, and everywhere else marijuana has been legalized have declared themselves marijuana legalization-free zones. The slightly longer answer is that universities receive federal funding and thus have to follow federal law, under federal drug-free acts cited by MSU. These are the same laws that employers often cite when justifying failing to hire or outright firing employees or potential hires for using cannabis.

    Police departments are a good example. Local police departments apply for and receive federal funding in the form of grants, and often take advantage of federal money to pay for equipment. And local police departments enforce… local law, which — in states like California, Colorado, and now Michigan — says that marijuana is legal for adults 21 and over.

    To date, not a single police department has reported losing federal funding because it did what it is chartered to do — that is, follow state law. Airports may provide a clearer example for universities to follow, should they so choose. Denver International Airport has declared itself a marijuana-free zone.

    Other airports have not — and in either case, if a passenger boarding a flight is found to have any quantity of marijuana, regular procedure for Transportation Security Administration officials is to call local law enforcement.

    Not the feds, not the military, not the Space Force. Why are colleges different? Like airports, they are state-chartered institutions, funded primarily by a state. Someone caught breaking the law on a college campus may be subject to arrest by either campus or local police—in either case, law enforcement chartered by a state entity or government.

    If arrested, they will be tried in state court. If convicted of a serious enough offense, they will go to a state prison. See the pattern here? Of course you do. So do the colleges, which is why they are choosing to fall back on federal law to justify their retrograde and anachronistic policies — which are in turn causing students real harm.

    But they can punish a student with consequences that are. They can eject them from campus housing. They can take away their student loans, their work-study stipend — and they can kick them out of school. And that — for reasons that are spurious and utterly dishonest — is something that colleges appear totally fine with. It is possible that these hard-line stances are merely preemptive cover-your-ass moves university presidents feel they need to take to keep the feds away.

    That may be so. In which case, this is merely a demonstration of moral cowardice rather than draconian evil. Neither is much to be proud of. The Inexact Science of Cannabis and Pregnancy. While little scientific research exists about cannabis' effects on pregnancy, breastfeeding, and babies, one thing is certain: There is plenty of conjecture about cannabis use during pregnancy but very little fact.

    Despite women using cannabis for millennia during menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding, doctors and government officials have become increasingly wary of the topic. Some cite flawed studies to prove it is dangerous to the development and growth of offspring, but from a truly scientific point of view, medical professionals have very little knowledge on how cannabis use during this critical time affects real human babies.

    Either way, more and more women are doing it. One doctor has at least set out to understand what can be gleaned from the studies and to highlight the flaws in research available to medical professionals on the topic. Borgelt also surveyed how dispensaries responded to calls from pregnant mothers and found major flaws in both the response from the research and medical community as well as the cannabis industry. She says she decided to embark on these studies with the University of Denver because she identified the major gap between medical knowledge and patient practice.

    One day during a consultation with a pregnant mother and medical resident she says the question of whether it was safe to consume cannabis during pregnancy and breastfeeding clearly highlighted the need for the work. She also notes a major flaw in the research; almost all of it refers specifically to the cannabinoid THC, leaving yet another gap in the study on CBD, other cannabinoids, and whole plant cannabis. As in most knowledge gaps in cannabis, there is also a large gap between medical research and the practice of how humans actually interact with cannabis and its chemical constituents.

    Despite what the medical profession has to say on the topic, 15 to 28 percent of pregnant and breastfeeding mothers in and out of legal states are using cannabis.

    With so much uncertainty, why are they risking it? CB1 receptors are receptors in the nervous system that interact with cannabis and endogenous cannabinoids produced by the human body. The higher presence of receptors means the effects of cannabinoids would be more potent on a developing fetus or child than an adult. Borgelt says there is a potential that because THC could disrupt and interfere with proper cell signaling during the development of these neurotransmitter systems there could be an effect on fetal development.

    However, there is still no definitive current research that could prove or disprove this. Borgelt says this speaks to the types of trials conducted and their limitations and points out that a lack of conclusive evidence is positive. But she says the literature does point, but not prove, to the possibility that cannabis could affect mental development, which would not become apparent until adolescent and teenage years, noting the human brain does not stop developing until the age of Borgelt agreed with Dr.

    As for the effects of cannabis use during breastfeeding, Dr. Borgelt acknowledges even less is known with the available studies. While these natural cannabinoids in breastmilk are safe, Dr. Borgelt warns that very little is known about phytocannabinoids in breast milk. What we can say is THC readily passes into the breastmilk and there are numerous studies to confirm that.

    When I have patients that ask about that, I will fully acknowledge our body makes its own endocannabinoids, but the exogenous are far more potent and last longer on receptor sites than what our body does normally which can influence the way the cell functions and develops. One of the primary reasons women use cannabis in pregnancy is for immediate relief of nausea.

    Women who are more comfortable with medical use of cannabis are more likely to view cannabis use as safer than pharmaceutical drugs that could be prescribed to women in pregnancy. There is a historical precedent for cannabis use in pregnancy.

    Cannabis has been used by midwives and herbalists to treat pain during menstruation and child birth and pain, nausea, anxiety, and insomnia in pregnant women for millennia. American and English doctors as late as the 19th century would recommend cannabis to mothers to induce and hasten childbirth. Although there are thousands of years of human experience with cannabis use during reproduction, very little formal study can point to any absolutes about effects.

    Melanie Dreher, currently the Dean of the Rush University Medical Center in Chicago and previously the Dean of Nursing at the University of Iowa College of Nursing, conducted a series of studies that are considered the most thorough studies of cannabis use in pregnant and breastfeeding mothers. She followed mothers in rural Jamaica already regularly using real cannabis during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and the development of their children over time.

    The neonates of heavy-marijuana-using mothers had better scores on autonomic stability, quality of alertness, irritability, and self-regulation and were judged to be more rewarding for caregivers.

    Real longitudinal studies that account for a host of confounding factors like other substance use, nutrition, genetic conditions, wellness and socioeconomic status are necessary to prove if there are negative side effects to development or growth of human offspring.

    While Borgelt encourages doctors to err on the side of caution, she acknowledges these flaws in research and suggests doctors keep an open mind so that doctors can get honest dialogue with their patients. As more and more states are legalizing marijuana for recreational use, more and more millennials are opting for weed over alcohol.

    Drinking — especially binge drinking — can come with a lot of consequences: Jena, a year-old woman who recently switched from alcohol to weed, told Marketwatch that she saves a lot of money by ditching the alcohol. All of those factors, coupled with increased access to legal weed, is driving many millennials to cut back on the bottle in favor of bud. Many prefer having a nice time with friends over getting drunk, and weed can give them that high.

    Weed is also seen as much safer than alcohol by many people — especially millennials. According to a recent poll published in The Tylt, And if millennials can have this much of an effect on a long-established industry, their potential influence on continued marijuana legalization efforts should be overlooked, either.

    The National Hockey League hit the ice for another season this week. And many of its players are hitting more that that. The next few weeks are going to be very big in Canada, as the nation welcomes the return of its national pastime: The percentage of living humans not of school age who play gridiron football, the most popular spectator sport in America, is so small as to be statistically insignificant. Pro sports are spectator sports. And oh, do Canadians watch. As per a survey, eighty percent of the country — more than 28 million people — take in at least one NHL game a week.

    Exactly two weeks after pucks drop, at the stroke of midnight on October 17, recreational marijuana becomes officially legal in Canada. While cannabis is not quite as popular as ice hockey in Canada — according to a poll, 18 percent of Canadians copped to using cannabis, though since people are still reticent to tell a pollster about their drug habits, the real figure is likely higher — there is some excitement.

    Marijuana stores are weighing whether to open up at midnight, though it appears the first sales will occur online. As there should be: The Most Lenient League If you want to play professional sports while bent on recreational drugs — or merely get a little toasted after games or before practice — you should learn how to skate. Among the major organizations for top-level corporate-sponsored athletic competition in North America, the National Hockey League has possibly the most lenient attitude toward drug use.

    But unlike other leagues, and unlike steroids, there are no consequences for a positive test for cannabis. In rare cases, a player found to have excessive levels of something in his body is referred to treatment. Since every drug aside from cannabis is water soluble, and thus expelled from the body within hours of last use, you can see why the players might prefer the current arrangement.

    And thus far, it has not. Though there are a few notable outliers, hockey players have thus far reacted to this unparalleled freedom by smoking weed — and lots of it. Some of them use once a week, some of them smoke every day. This author attended a college with a Division I hockey program. In fact, he attended two such institutions, which is useful for plausible deniability.

    At one of them, members of the hockey team, some of whom went on to play professionally, were frequent visitors to my dorm room — where they would buy weed from my roommate.

    I remember being annoyed by this at the time. A lifetime of drug-war propaganda had taken its toll — and prevented me from asking the obvious question: Both the brain and the body require sleep in order to function and to repair themselves. And NHL players are religious nappers. The official pregame nap routine involves a plateful of pasta and one to two hours of snoozing. What sleep aids players choose is their business, but one can assume. There is no quantifying taste. Not everyone enjoys marijuana, not everyone wants to watch hockey.

    But whether spectator or participant, cannabis and hockey complement each other quite nicely. And now in at least one corner of the globe, the two are now officially sanctioned activities. It will be a few more years yet before major marijuana companies sponsor NHL teams — something for which the U.

    In freer corners of the continent, however, cannabis and hockey can continue to peacefully coexist, and enjoy a new era of freedom. Myths about marijuana have existed forever, and have only intensified since legalization.

    While some myths vanished rather quickly, others have persisted. While studies show that marijuana consumption has indeed increased after legalization, that increase has taken place among adults, not teens. It should also be noted that use among teens in Colorado has actually declined in the years after legalization. However, there is no scientific evidence to support this myth.

    In fact, nothing proves that cannabis consumers end up using other illegal drugs. Many researchers, as well as patients, continue to prove the benefits of medical marijuana. Repeated cases of medical marijuana helping children with seizures, for example, have gone a long way toward convincing people that cannabis can actually be used as a medicine. And, yes, driving or handling heavy machinery while high can cause serious injuries, or worse.

    Most of this revenue has benefited schools, health programs, and educational programs about, among other things, illegal drugs. Wide World Of Weed: Boaty McBoatface, ring any bells? How about the Chuck Norris pedestrian bridge fiasco? The latest in a long line of naming mishaps comes from the tiny Northern European country Estonia. Located in the southeastern part of Estonia, Kanepi is home to approximately 5, people. When the town decided to hold a vote for a new symbol earlier this year, oddly enough, more than 12, people voted for a cannabis leaf.

    Following the election, the familiar seven-pointed leaf we all know and love was officially adopted as the town symbol. Kanep just so happens to be the Estonian word for cannabis. Although weed is still illegal in Estonia, possession usually results in only a fine. How would you feel if your town changed its symbol to a pot leaf? The city has been on the leading edge of the industry since the earliest days of decriminalization and legalization in the states.

    Seattle, Washington Seattle was one of the pioneers of legal cannabis. Cannabis can be easily found, there are tons of landmarks to check out, and hiking trails abound. Plus, you can always catch a Seattle Sounders game. Home of more museums than you can count, D. Negril, Jamaica Jamaica and ganja go hand in hand. Snag a sack and enjoy the sun, sand, and surf. Costa Rica has decriminalized cannabis, and just so happens to be home to some of the most beautiful beaches in Central and South America.

    Got a favorite summer vacation spot? Let us know your favorites in the comments! Inside the Last Opposition to Legal Cannabis: Lessons from Mormon Church Investments. While 94 percent of Americans support access to medical cannabis, it remains a crime for any reason in 31 states and at the federal level.

    These numbers are beyond baffling considering traditionally conservative states like Utah, Missouri, and Oklahoma actually support in-state medical cannabis programs but are still having to beg for money and mercy to change the law and decriminalize their use.

    What is holding these states back? Publicly, the influential opposition has maintained its hold on these 31 states by inflaming the culture war between conservative and liberal ideologies.

    Let that be a lesson from the world of cannabis to all American politics! From late through mid, I lived in Salt Lake City and commuted to work for a cannabis magazine in Berkeley, in my home state of California.

    During that time, Utah became the first state in the nation to pass a CBD-only medical cannabis law. Despite the Mormon-led movement towards medical cannabis pushing the issue to critical mass, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints LDS worked behind the scenes then to kill the bill and would do it two more times in the state legislature. It qualified for the November ballot on April 20 and support for the issue is now hovering between 70 and 80 percent in most state polls.

    In May, the Mormon Church declared its opposition in conjunction with a paid campaign led by the Utah Medical Association with support from DEA-affiliated law enforcement groups to approach signers of the initiative petition and ask them to remove their signature.

    This attempt was unsuccessful. It's About Money What exactly was motivating them to put so much money and energy into preventing the chronic and fatally ill access to non-toxic botanical cannabis plant? As a patient myself, I want to believe they are motivated by ignorance because it excuses the fact that they are pushing for people like me to suffer needlessly. But, for years, I and others have hypothesized that the LDS Church may have significant financial holdings in pharmaceutical companies threatened by legalized cannabis and that may be what truly motivates their opposition.

    It looks like the financial incentive is now fact, not speculation. Late last month the website MormonLeaks. I combed through this list and made some startling discoveries.

    They also own stock in major opiate manufacturers, companies that make opiate addiction treatment drugs and for-profit drug rehabs specializing in opiate addiction.

    None of these shenanigans will end — and therefore no patient or consumer will be safe — until the federal government fully decriminalizes all interactions with the cannabis plant and removes it entirely from the Controlled Substances Act.

    It is regularly prescribed to children and adults and considered safe to drive on after the user develops a tolerance. Of course, the irony in this is that the existence of THC — a Schedule III drug — is what is used to justify the Schedule I status of the cannabis plant as well as the continued over-regulation of high-THC producing cannabis in states where it is legal.

    Abbott Laboratories currently owns the rights to the drug Dexabinol originally developed by Solvay Pharmaceuticals , which is also a synthetic cannabinoid drug.

    AbbVie is a spin-off independent company of Abbott Laboratories and is the current manufacturer of Marinol. Humira is among the most profitable drugs in world history and makes tens of billions a year in net profits. As cannabis and diet therapy continues to show more and more promise for people like me, they become a major threat to the bottom lines of companies like Abbott Laboratories and AbbVie.

    Oh yeah, and drugs like Humira and Remicade work by suppressing the immune system, meaning users are plagued with infections, their chances of cancer increase over time it, and side effects can become unbearable. I say this from first-hand experience. However, Cara is a notable investment because the company focuses on pain medications and specifically medications made of synthetic cannabinoids or those targeting the endocannabinoid system.

    Formerly known as Corrections Corporations of America, this powerful industry has lobbied the federal government to the tune of tens of millions of dollars and has seen its value soar along with the American population of incarcerated persons. It is a relevant addition to any list like this because it shows a direct profit incentive in lobbying to keep cannabis a crime at the federal level.

    Endo International plc, Gilead Sciences, Inc. All of these companies hold patents to study or develop cannabinoid drugs, many are already in the process.

    Summertime is the season for barbecues, lounging by the lake or the pool, and — of course — blockbuster movies. We also love Donald Glover. Audiences worldwide have been looking forward to this movie for months.

    Fallen Kingdom The original Jurassic Park has been on our list of favorite films for a long time. Every installment — no matter how ridiculous the story lines get — will always grab our attention. Hereditary What would summer be without a good scary movie? If creepy movies are your thing, Hereditary is a must-see.

    Just watch the trailer. Ant Man is one of the most lovable heroes in the Marvel Universe. Luckily, he has a sidekick in the next installment. Soldado Following up on the masterpiece Sicario, Sicario 2: Soldado catches up with Josh Brolin and Benicio Del Toro shortly after the president adds drug cartels to the list of international terrorists. And Jack-Jack has laser eyes. What movies are you excited about this summer?

    Luckily for us, the first wave of summer music releases started hitting shelves in May. Load up your playlists or grab them on wax and get spinning! Singularity by Jon Hopkins Jon Hopkins is a genius. His electronic music reaches virtually unparalleled levels of virtuosity.

    Noticeably darer than previous releases, 7 feels more personal, yet still approachable. Hit the vape, start the album, and float away.

    And he kept us waiting long enough for his new album. And calling it an album is a little generous. And anyhow, rock is an attitude. And Bridges delivers that in spades. Did we miss your favorite May release? A recent survey suggests public support for marijuana legalization has hit its peak — and has even started to drop. Virtually every other poll disagrees. Between April and April , CBS News polled adults to see where they stood on the topic of marijuana legalization.

    The study found that 59 percent of those surveyed were in favor of it — two percentage points lower than a similar survey conducted by CBS News last year. For one, the study had a margin of error of roughly 4 percent, which is greater than the supposed drop-off. And second, and more importantly, virtually every other recent survey on the topic has had opposite results. Gallup, for example, found that between — the year before California became the first state to legalize medical cannabis for compassionate-use patients — and last year, legalization among America jumped from 25 percent to 64 percent.

    But What About a Drop? Not only is public support for marijuana on the rise, but there is no reason to think it will decrease any time soon. More minds will also be changed as more information is published about the myriad medical benefits of the drug.

    Money is a big motivator, too. The Next Cannabis Boom? While younger smokers and tokers certainly account for their fair share of those polled, a surprising finding stands out — seniors are the fastest-growing cannabis user demographic.

    Senior citizens are typically identified as anyone over age At first glance, that may not sound like the ideal weed demographic, but recent surveys have found that older Americans — especially those who toked earlier in their lives — are rediscovering their love for bud. Industry leaders believe many older Americans stopped smoking due to the threat of legal trouble and the stigma surrounding cannabis use.

    Now that many states are decriminalizing and legalizing weed, however, seniors are giving green another shot. A Matter Of Preference One factor contributing to the increased number of older adults enjoying cannabis is the sheer number of ways to consume it, as well as the ability to get repeatable, predictable highs. Whether smoking, vaping, or eating, seniors are not looking for the most potent strains on the market, but are rather interested in smaller doses which are becoming more readily and legally available.

    For many, the thought of ingesting smoke seems detrimental to health. Instead, many seniors are turning to vape pens. What The Doctor Ordered Perhaps the most compelling reason seniors are looking to cannabis is for their health. As research continues into the therapeutic applications of CBD, cannabis products of all types are being explored by aging Americans.

    Cannabis research has shown tremendous potential for herb to ease symptoms of chronic pain and other age-associated conditions. As more seniors look past the stigma associated with cannabis, many may find relief from troublesome conditions they struggle with daily. Do you see yourself toking into old age? The According to Jim, K-9, and Jingle All the Way star has not only been outspoken in his support of legal weed, he has sponsored events at his mansion in Los Angeles to support cannabis entrepreneurs and investors.

    So, how did Belushi get involved? He owns a cannabis farm in Oregon, he launched a line of dispensaries this year, and has plans to release branded pot later in Partnering with Green Table Global, a networking group dedicated to matching investors with cannabis entrepreneurs, Belushi hosted an after party during the Milken Institute Global Conference.

    The institute itself is focused on powerful ideas with the potential to greatly impact public health and economic wellbeing. During the party, six cannabis companies pitched to potential investors, while keynote speakers explained the potential of recreational cannabis. But recently, he has continued to put his money where his mouth is — even if that means going to jail. I could be arrested immediately — and I want to be, by the way, because I want to send the message out that this takes opioids off the street.

    It will be interesting to see the waves he — and his products — make in the industry. As the number of people with access to legal marijuana continues to grow, so is the number of people who are using it. And the number of parents using marijuana is growing as fast as any other demographic. By , that number had reached nearly 6. The reasons that parents use weed mirror those of many other people without kids.

    Parents use cannabis to help them deal with numerous illnesses and health conditions. They use it because they like it. And they use it to help them cope with stress, whether that stress is due to work, raising kids, or a little of both. Secondhand smoke from any kind of cigarette can be harmful to kids, which is many parents opt to smoke outside or when there kids are not around.

    Others bypass marijuana cigarettes completely and opt for cleaner and more discrete options like vaporizers, concentrated cannabis extract or dabs , topicals, or edibles. Also, it goes without saying that there's no excuse for being stoned while you're supposed to be watching your kids or, worse, while you're driving them somewhere.

    Mitigating the Risks Of course, the most responsible pot-using parents still face risks. For example, given the fact that marijuana is still completely illegal in many places — and the fact that the concept of parents using weed is still very much taboo in the eyes of many — pot-using parents run the risk of being reported to law enforcement or other government agencies by disapproving neighbors, coworkers, community members, and others.

    Without quick and easy access to a neighbor, family member, cab, or Uber, a trip to the emergency room, for example, could be dangerously delayed. In the meantime, naysayers might be interested in a Civilized. They might also be interested to know, as Elizabeth also notes, that adult cannabis users are also more likely to be homeowners with children, according to the Pew Research Center.

    Are parents who use pot simply looking to create the next generation of pot users? Derek Riedle, the founder and publisher of Civilized, an outspoken cannabis consumer, and the father of two young boys, does a pretty good job of summing up the likely view of many of his pot-using parental peers. A few months later, has there been a definitive impact on drinking habits in states with legal recreational pot? Headquartered in Denver and Montreal, Molson Coors was the first big beer company to speak out on the worries of competition from recreational weed sales.

    As a result, a shift in consumer preferences away from our products or beer or a decline in the consumption of our products could result in a material adverse effect on our business and financial results.

    If so, how will competition for disposable income impact the liquor and beer industry? Looking at two groups of cities in Oregon — those with an operating recreational dispensary and those which had none — from Summer to Summer , researchers found interesting trends in hard liquor sales.

    In cities with a dispensary, liquor sales grew by 4. A Look Ahead The results from the Oregon study need to be taken with a grain of salt due the limited availability of data and the focus on head liquor sales. Even still, the findings point to the potential for legal weed to disrupt existing beer, wine, and spirits sales across the country. Only time will tell if this trend will continue, but it will definitely be interesting to see as the recreational weed market continues to grow.

    Given the choice, would you rather spend your money on weed or beer? Other Cannabis-Infused Beverage Options. Several major breweries are hopping from hops and barley to bud.

    The cannabis-infused beverage biz is booming. Many people are looking for alternative ways to consume cannabis, and beverages have quickly joined edibles, oils, and tinctures among the most popular alternative pot products. While cannabis-infused beer may be getting a lot of headlines these days, these other beverage options can also hey you get high or help you feel better: Cannabis-infused Coffee and Tea Drinking a cup of tea in the morning or after work can be very relaxing, and now it can be even more so.

    These teas can be used as a way to fall asleep easier — or without pain — and can also be used to get your creative juices flowing at work. If you need some extra creativity or brain power during the day, you can also try a cannabis-infused coffee.

    The combination of THC and caffeine will leave you feel energized and creative, but also relaxed. No more stressing out at the beginning of a busy day at work. Cannabis-infused Soda Today, even a soda can get you high. Different brands are available, offering a wide range of indica-, sativa- and hybrid-infused beverages.

    If you need help falling asleep, for example, pop open one with indica. Dissolvable THC Packets This might sound odd to some of you — or perhaps the best invention ever to others — but you can now add a packet of 10 mg purified THC to any drink of your choice.

    This flavor-free powder will allow you to discreetly enjoy a cannabis-infused beverage. Most contain between 10 and 40 mg of THC, and just one drink is enough for most people to feel the effects. Also, some drinks contain more than mg of THC. This is too much for a first-time user or someone with low tolerance.

    Start with 10 mg, and work your way up. Take a journey with the ever-evolving duo turned trio on their latest project, filled with their most mature concepts and freshest beats yet. Seattle based duo Kung Foo Grip, comprised of Eff Is H and Greg Scott, have steadily been building a reputation as consistent creatives, delivering an array of sounds across multiple projects.

    For their official debut released this past February on all digital platforms and pressed on limited run baby blue vinyl by Seattle Based Crane City Music, they have partnered with renowned producer Keyboard Kid to share their most cohesive project to date.

    They stepped onto the scene while still in high school and built a reputation as dedicated practitioners of a classic hip hop sound. As they grew up they never let their love of traditional hip hop stylings interfere with the development of their art. Once these specialized receptors throughout the nervous system are activated, they begin to work with the body to regulate pathways that have been thrown out of balance.

    In terms of how CBD might work specifically for fibromyalgia, receptors have been located in virtually all tissue types in the body — once activated, the receptors work to reduce inflammation, lower pain, and improve the immune response.

    Does it take a long time for the effects of CBD to be experienced? What you should hope to feel is less pain, an overall sense of calm or peace, and maybe even whole-body relief. Depending on the person, generally speaking the CBD oil takes around minutes for subtle effects to begin to kick in.

    For more severe conditions, longer term use may be necessary to produce noticeable differences. What is the legal standing regarding CBD? According to most manufacturers who produce it, CBD oil is legal in all 50 states as long as it has been extracted from industrial hemp and contains less than 0.

    And as of late , articles in the U. Farm Bill regarding hemp have been approved and updated, which means that those suffering from fibromyalgia can expect to see a massive influx of higher-quality CBD oils hit shelves across the United States in and beyond.

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    Customer service is impeccable, and their products suit a variety of individual needs. Check out their wide range of products at www. As mentioned above, Elixinol has been featured by a variety of popular and reputable news outlets, including The Wall Street Journal , so it is safe to say that this company has a remarkable reputation. They are able to provide customers with variety, including CBD extracts that range in potency and pricing.

    No matter what you are looking for, Elixinol is a one-stop shopping resource. You can check out their products at www. CBD Pure specializes on only three core products, which are all pure quality hemp extracts at different levels of potency.

    CBDPure keeps it simple by maintaining complete transparency with their clientele, and mastering the formulations and production process of these select few items, so that what the customer receives is as close to perfect as possible. If what you desire is a CBD extract and you know exactly what you want out of it, this online store makes it easy to place an order and receive your selections fast with their speedy shipping and doorstep delivery.

    Visit them at www. After much hands-on research, we have determined that one company stands out a little above the rest; if you are looking for a reputable, pure quality vendor that will provide you with exactly what you want, we recommend you start with PureKana.

    Their selections are thoroughly tested and completely organic as well as non-GMO , just to mention a few of many attributes. If you are someone that suffers from the pains and discomforts of fibromyalgia but are looking for a safe, natural alternative to pharmaceutical or conventional medications and treatments, choosing a CBD oil from one of the providers above may be the right decision for you.

    And best of all, because these products pose virtually zero risk for negative side effects , you truly have nothing to lose. We hope you have found this article to be educational and informative.

    It is important to remember that none of the information written above is medical advice, and it should not be interpreted as such.

    5 Best CBD Oils for Fibromyalgia [2019 Update]

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